Absorption: Process by which digested food is absorbed by the lower part of the small intestine into the bloodstream.
Adipose: Fatty; pertaining to fat
Anastomosis: Surgical connection between two structures
Bariatric: Pertaining to Weight or weight reduction
BMI: Body Mass Index-Method of calculating degree of excess weight. Based on weight and body surface area.
Cardiovascular: Pertaining to heart and blood vessels
Clinically Severe Obesity: Body Mass Index of 40 or more, which is roughly equivalent to 100 pounds or more over ideal body weight; a weight level that is life risking. Also known as Morbid Obesity.
Co-Morbid: Associated illness (i.e., arthritis, hypertension) disabling conditions associated with clinically severe obesity or obesity-related health conditions.
Colon: Large intestine beginning at the end of the small intestine and ending at the rectum.
Any symptom or circumstance indicating the inappropriateness of an otherwise advisable treatment (i.e., alcoholism; drug dependency; severe depression; sociopathic (antisocial) personality disorder)
Criteria: Defines potential candidate for surgery
Digestion: Process by which food is broken down by stomach and upper small intestine into absorbable forms
Dilation: Process of enlarging a passage or anastomosis
Disease: Process injurious to health and/or longevity
Divided Gastric Bypass: Operation providing a tool for management of clinically severe obesity.
Dumping Syndrome: Uncomfortable feeling of nausea, lightheadedness, upset stomach, diarrhea, associated with ingestion of sweets, high-calorie liquids or dairy products.
First 12″ of small intestine immediately below stomach. Bile and pancreatic fluids flow into the duodenum through ducts from liver and pancreas respectively.
Gastric: Pertaining to stomach.
Gastric Bypass: Operation designed to make non-functional a portion of the stomach.
Gastrointestinal: Pertaining to stomach or intestine
Gastrojejunostomy anastomosis: Upper connection of the Gastric Bypass operation
Gastroplasty: Operation for morbid obesity which reshapes the stomach
Genetic: Pertains to transmitted hereditary characteristics
Hernia: A weakness in the abdominal wall resulting in a detectable bulge
Herniation: Process in which a hernia is formed
Hyperosmolality: Presence of highly concentrated substances capable of producing dumping syndrome
Hypertension: High Blood Pressure
Lleum: Ten feet of small intestine, responsible for absorption
Jejunum: Ten feet of small intestine; the part responsible for digestion
Kilogram: Measure of weight equal to 2.2 pounds
Laparoscopy: Method of visualizing and treating intra-abdominal problems with long fiber-optic instruments
Morbid: Pertaining to disease, illness, increased risk of death
Morbid Obesity: Body Mass Index of 40 or more, which is roughly equivalent to 100 pounds or more over ideal body weight; a weight level that is life risking
Mortality: Pertaining to death
Multi-disciplinary: Team approach to evaluation and treatment of clinically severe obesity; includes surgical, internal medicine, nutrition, psychiatric, and exercise physiology assessment and treatment
NIH: National Institutes of Health
NIH Consensus Report: Summaries of meetings regarding clinically severe obesity and assessment and treatment of obesity; issued periodically by NIH.
Obesity: Pertaining to excessive weight or adipose tissue
Obstructions: Narrowing of an anastomosis or segment of gastrointestinal tract which retards normal passage of food or waste materials
Psychotherapy: Evaluation and treatment of mentally related disorders
Pulmonary: Pertains to the lungs
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: A surgical method of reconnecting the stomach and upper small intestines in roughly a Y shape.
Staples: Surgically sterile devices for connecting tissue; usually permanent and made of stainless steel or titanium
Strictures: Narrowing of anastomosis or section of intestine; often related to scarring or ulcers
Type 2 Diabetes: A disorder of glucose and insulin metabolism
VBG: Vertical Banded Gastroplasty: A type of operation to treat clinically severe obesity. Reshapes and restricts the stomach.